EB-5 fraudster Kelly sentenced to 18 months

William Kelly, at left, was sentenced yesterday to 18 months in federal prison for his role in the Northeast Kingdom EB-5 fraud. photo

William Kelly, 73, of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and previously of Weston, Florida, was sentenced April 20 to 18 months in prison April 20 by Chief Judge Geoffrey W. Crawford in United States District Court.  

According to the U.S. Attorney’s Office, Chief Judge Crawford also ordered a three-year term of supervised release and ordered Kelly to pay $8,338,601 in restitution.  Today’s sentencing follows Kelly’s guilty plea in June 2021 to conspiring with co-defendants Ariel Quiros, Jong Weon (Alex) Choi, and William Stenger in a multi-year wire fraud scheme to defraud immigrant investors seeking green cards through the EB-5 program.  He also pleaded guilty to concealing material facts in a matter within the jurisdiction of a federal agency, namely United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), which oversaw the EB-5 program. 

According to court records and proceedings, the AnC Vermont project was designed to raise $110 million from 220 immigrant investors in order to construct and operate a biotechnology facility in Newport, Vermont.  EB-5 investors could qualify for permanent resident status (commonly known as a green card) by investing $500,000 in a commercial enterprise approved by USCIS and the Vermont Regional Center (VRC), which had the authority to approve and monitor EB-5 projects in Vermont.  

In order to obtain a green card, each investor needed to demonstrate to USCIS that his or her investment had created, or would create within a few years, ten jobs.  From 2012 to 2016, approximately 169 investors invested approximately $85 million in the AnC Vermont project, in addition to paying approximately $8 million in “administrative fees.”  Fundraising was never completed, and the AnC Vermont facility was never constructed.  

When he pleaded guilty, Kelly admitted that he and his co-conspirators misled AnC Vermont investors about how investor funds would be used, about how many jobs would be created by the project, and about the timeline for this job creation.  

For example, Kelly and others knew that it was necessary to demonstrate a plan to create at least 2,200 jobs in order to obtain USCIS approval of the AnC Vermont project, and that USCIS approval and business revenues were both important to investors.  The jobs report for the project was directly based on hiring and financial projections generated by Kelly, Choi, and Stenger to justify the job creation number required for EB-5 approval.  Kelly knew that no one had assessed whether the purported financial projections in the project’s business plan were reasonable.  

Between 2012 and 2016, Kelly and his co-conspirators maintained the jobs numbers in spite of the fact that no one associated with the AnC Vermont project was making progress toward identifying customers for clean room rentals, acquiring commercially viable stem cell products, or developing the potential artificial organs.

Kelly also admitted that between March 2013 and October 2014, he helped Quiros and Stenger pay over $47 million in AnC Vermont investor money to Jay Construction Management (JCM), a Quiros-controlled entity that was designated as a pass-through corporation for approximately $52 million that was to be paid to a Korean company created and controlled by Choi.  During this period, Kelly knew that Quiros forwarded less than $6 million from JCM to Choi’s company.  

Kelly knew that Quiros used approximately $21 million of the AnC Vermont investor funds sent to JCM to pay off a Raymond James loan that was used for expenses unrelated to the AnC Vermont project.  In addition to the wire fraud conspiracy charge, Kelly admitted helping conceal from the VRC that Quiros had used the $21 million in AnC Vermont investor funds for purposes unrelated to the AnC Vermont project.

As part of his plea agreement, Kelly agreed to cooperate in the government’s ongoing matters related to this case.  The plea agreement signed by Kelly and the government capped Kelly’s potential jail sentence at 36 months, so long as he abided by the terms of the agreement.  In connection with Kelly’s sentencing proceeding, the government informed the Court that Kelly had abided by the agreement’s terms and would be called as a witness at any trial of Kelly’s co-defendants.

Co-defendant Quiros pleaded guilty to wire fraud conspiracy, money laundering, and concealment charges in August 2020 and is scheduled to be sentenced on April 29.  Co-defendant Stenger pleaded guilty to submitting false documents to the VRC and was sentenced to 18 months’ imprisonment and 3 years of supervised release, and ordered to pay $250,000 in restitution, on April 14.  Co-defendant Choi remains at large.

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6 replies »

  1. Wasn’t Patrick Leahy involved in this project.? I remember him being on TV say he helped with citizenship issue.

    • You bet Leahy was involved. His wife, Marcelle, is the niece of the late real estate tycoon, Tony Pomerleau. And Mr. Pomerleau was the owner of much of the Newport real estate that was intertwined in this EB-5 deal. Both Senator Leahy and his wife actively promoted the project. There is video of them in one of the promotional get-togethers speaking on behalf of the project. Curiously, when the project first began to unravel, Tony Pomerleau cut his ties with the project – before anyone else did. Unfortunately, we’ll never know what Pomerleau knew and when he knew it. And good luck getting anything out of Patrick Leahy. Good riddance.

    • Lieutenant, I remember press conferences where he was the Biggest Cheerleader for EB-5 – until the scandal broke, whereupon he seemed nonplussed: “That’s not the Bill Stenger I know, ” I seem to remember him saying. VTDigger had done excellent reporting on the Shumlin connection, but to my knowledge it hasn’t (yet) risen to the level of criminal charges. All I know. We need to remember it LOOKED like a clever government solution to the generational economic poverty of the NEK.

  2. The EB-5 program seems that it was custom made for fraudsters.

    On another subject do you think the Nigerian Prince that is emailing me about
    a 10 million dollar transaction is on the level ?

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