Environment

Electric fencing protects against chicken predation

Keeping a small flock of chickens at home to provide eggs and meat has become increasingly popular, but many first-time small-scale poultry farmers are discovering that several species of wildlife like the taste of chicken as much as we do.  The Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department urges poultry owners to use electric fencing and follow other precautions to protect their birds from predation.

“We are already getting reports of bears hitting bird feeders and expect to be receiving additional reports soon about bears, foxes, raccoons, fisher, coyotes, skunks, and bobcats preying on chickens,” said Forrest Hammond, Vermont’s bear biologist.  “Many of the calls will be coming from people who are new at keeping chickens and who do not provide sufficient protection for their birds.”

 “In 2020, we received a record 167 reports of bears getting after chickens.  This number has been increasing in recent years with an average of 31 reports per year from 2011 to 2017 and an average of 122 reports per year from 2018 to 2020.”

Hammond urges people to keep their chickens contained inside electric net fencing and to make sure any wire fencing is secure.  Use of one-quarter-inch hardware cloth, especially along the bottom of an enclosure will block most small predators.  Weasels can get through a one-inch opening.  The electric netting, however, is good extra protection even outside the wire netting – especially against black bears which are strong enough to break into most unprotected chicken coops.  Several types of electric net fencing are available.  The netting is portable and can easily be used with moveable chicken pens. 

Here are additional tips to help keep your chickens safe:

  • Apply bacon grease or peanut butter to a spot on the electric fencing as an added deterrent.
  • Cover the tops of pens with wire or plastic netting to guard against attacks from avian and climbing predators. 
  • Bury galvanized hardware cloth or netting 12 inches deep around the perimeter of the pen to prevent access by digging predators. 
  • A motion-activated light to illuminate the coop after dark will discourage some predators.  Motion-activated alarms also can help deter them. 
  • Store poultry feed in a secure indoor location in tight containers, and only feed poultry the amount that can be consumed in one feeding.

Vermont Fish and Wildlife has more helpful information about living with bears on their website www.vtfishandwildlife.com.

Categories: Environment

2 replies »

  1. Drill a hole serrated edge of a beverage bottle cap and hang it from the electric fence wire with a piece of copper wire. Fill the bottle cap with peanut butter (for deer) or bacon grease on the lower strand for small carnivorous critters (before you turn on the fencer). When they stick their wet nose on that electrified bottle cap, it will make their brain ache and get their attention for a minute or two. Rest assured, they will be back for another try tomorrow night.
    I understand that some readers may think that process too cruel, but it works!

  2. Cruel to what? The chickens, or the weasel trying to eat them? I’m sick of all the ‘virtue signaling’. I’m an old farmer and this is some of the best advice I’ve seen in our social media today. It sure beats the political banter. We should put an electric fence around Montpelier.

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